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U.S. Government Documents

"Palestinian Initiatives for 2011 at the United Nations," by Jim Zanotti and Marjorie Ann Browne, September 23, 2011, Congressional Research Service Report for Congress.

This report highlights different proposals that have been discussed by Congress in light of the Palestinian decision to submit a membership application at the United Nations.

"U.S. Foreign Aid to the Palestinians," by Jim Zanotti, May 31, 2011, Congressional Research Service Report for Congress.

This report explains the U.S. priorities served through aid to the Palestinian Authority and provides an overall background on the type of aid the United States provides. It also details major conditions, limitations and restriction on aid.

"U.S. Security Assistance to the Palestinian Authority," by Jim Zanotti, January 8, 2010, Congressional Research Service Report for Congress.

This report explains the history of U.S. security assistance to the PA including the creation of the office of U.S. Security Coordinator (USSC) for Israel and the PA to help reform, train and equip PA security forces. General Keith Dayton headed the USSC from December 2005-October 2010 and the Palestinian security forces trained by him are referred to as the “Dayton forces.”

"Promoting Peace? Reexamining U.S. Aid to the Palestinian Authority," July 12, 2011, U.S. House Committee on Foreign Affairs Hearing Transcript.

Witnesses at this hearing: Jacob Walles, Deputy Assistant Secretary of State; Lieutenant General Mike Moeller, U.S. Security Coordinator for Israel and the Palestinian Authority; and George Laudato, USAID.

"Promoting Peace? Reexamining U.S. Aid to the Palestinian Authority Part II" September 14, 2011, U.S. House Committee on Foreign Affairs Hearing Webcast.

Witnesses at this hearing: Elliot Abrams, Council on Foreign Relations; James Phillips, The Heritage Foundation; Jonathan Schanzer, Foundation for Defense of Democracies; and David Makovsky, The Washington Institute.

NGO and International Agency Reports

"The Economic Costs of the Israeli Occupation for the Occupied Palestinian Territory," Bulletin by Palestinian Ministry of National Economy in cooperation with Applied Research Institute- Jerusalem, September 2011.

This report investigates the immense toll the occupation has had on the Palestinian economy due to Israel hindering trade and stealing resources.

"United Nations Conference on Trade and Development Report on Developments in the Economy of the Occupied Palestinian Territory," August 23, 2011.

UN report which shows that despite claims the West Bank has been going through an economic boom, the reality is that the level of desperation facing Palestinians is increasing.

News Articles

"Israeli Occupation Hitting Palestinian Economy, Claims Report," by Harriet Sherwood, September 29, 2011, The Guardian.

This article highlights the findings of a new report which concludes that without the occupation, the Palestinian economy would be almost twice as large and would be able to reduce its dependence on donor funding.

"Congress Moves to Punish Palestinians, But Even Israel Objects," by Nathan Guttman, September 22, 2011, Forward.

While Congress is eager to prove its pro-Israel credentials by cutting aid to the PA, Israel itself is hesitant about such a move knowing how much the PA, especially its security forces, depends on such aid.

"Aid alone won’t help the Desperate Palestinians," by Jonathan Glennie, August 24, 2011, The Guardian.

This article summarizes a UN report showing how despite claims that the West Bank has been going through an economic boom, the reality is that the level of desperation facing Palestinians is increasing due to the occupation which completely disrupts Palestinian trade. Thus aid is propping up the status quo instead of pushing for a political solution.

"Palestinian Drive to Pursue Statehood at UN May Aggravate Economic Plight," by Jonathan Ferziger and Fadwa Hodali, August 15, 2011, Bloomberg.

Roughly a quarter of the PA’s $3.7 billion annual budget comes from the United States, Arab and other foreign aid. About 44 percent of revenue that makes up the rest of the budget comes from the fees the authority needs Israel’s cooperation to receive.

"Activists face broad PA Crackdown in West Bank," by Nora Barrows-Friedman, September 22, 2010, Electronic Intifada.

Example of how the Dayton forces violate Palestinian rights.

"U.S. Funds 'Apartheid' Road Network in Israel," by Jonathan Cook, May 15, 2010, The National.

This article uncovers how money from USAID has helped fund the construction of a segregated West Bank road infrastructure.

"Israel Hindering Delivery of Aid," May 12, 2011, Electronic Intifada.

This article clarifies how Israeli policies and its system of checkpoints and barriers make the delivery of humanitarian aid by NGOs very inefficient.

"Palestinian Roads: Cementing Statehood or Israeli Annexation?" by Nadia Hijab and Jesse Rosenfeld, April 30, 2010, The Nation.

This article explains how money from USAID has helped further Israeli control of the West Bank.

"Grassroots Organizer Targeted by PA, Israeli Forces," by Nora Barrows-Friedman, April 13, 2010, Electronic Intifada.

Example of the Dayton forces violating Palestinian rights.

"The 'Green Zone' Called Jordan," by Jon Elmer, November 17, 2009, Electronic Intifada.

An article about the training of Dayton forces and their agenda to shut down opposition to the PA.

"The Palestinian Authority’s Authoritarian Turn," by Ben White, April 30, 2009, Electronic Intifada.

The role of the Dayton forces in the increasing authoritarianism of the PA.

Opinion/Analysis Articles

"Humanitarian Aid for Palestinians Shouldn’t be Necessary," by Ross Mountain, September 22, 2011, The Guardian.

How the donor community is complicit in perpetuating the lack of progress in realizing Palestinian self-determination because the focus is more on providing humanitarian assistance versus actually pushing Israel to end the occupation.

"Punitive Measures," by James Traub, September 16, 2011, Foreign Policy.

This article warns that cutting U.S. aid may lead to the collapse of the PA as well as cost the United States in its efforts to garner the support of the people of the region.

"Why Aid to the PA Doesn’t Buy Leverage," by Anne Peters, September 15, 2011, Foreign Policy.

Even though the United States provides the most aid to the PA, its inability to push Israel in any positive direction towards peace or to even persuade Israel to consistently allow funds to pass to the PA means threats to cut off aid will not make the PA succumb to U.S. pressure.

"Pro-Israel Lobbyists Work to Save Palestinian Authority Funding (and why should this be a surprise?)," by Alex Kane, September 14, 2011, Mondoweiss.

How aid to the PA actually benefits Israel because according to the United States its biggest achievement has been establishing “law and order” in the West Bank. Measures taken by PA security forces have included cracking down on political dissidents.

"Going to the United Nations, Sanctions and the Tick-Tock of the Palestinian Spring," by Raja Khalidi, September 12, 2011, Jadaliyya.

This analysis details the economic woes Palestinians face if aid is indeed cut, including an inability to pay the salaries of 170,000 public sector employees.

"Donors Help Keep Palestinians in Cages," by Charlotte Silver, August 16, 2011, Electronic Intifada.

This article argues that development aid to Palestinians has obscured the reality of the state of the Palestinian economy. While the World Bank has boasted about an eight percent increase in the GDP of the West Bank, the actual standard of living for most Palestinians has not only not improved but declined.

"Palestinians’ Low Salaries also Linked to Israeli Social Struggle," by Amira Hass, August 1, 2011, Haaretz.

In this interview, economist Raja Khalidi argues that the donor community finances the cost of the Israeli occupation.

"New Book Shows How Aid to PA Ended in Israel’s Pockets," by David Cronin, May 18, 2011, Electronic Intifada.

In the book The Political Economy of Aid in Palestine, Sahar Taghdisi-Rad demonstrates how the donor community allows Israel to exert total military domination over the occupied territories without taking any responsibility to meet the basic needs of Palestinians. Thus aid is part of the context of the conflict and cannot be seen as neutral.

"Aid Industry Doing No Harm in Palestine?" by Samer Abdelnour, March 22, 2011, Electronic Intifada.

While Palestinians receive some of the largest amounts of aid in the world, this article traces how this aid industry is a key factor in Palestinian de-development and shields Israel’s ongoing occupation.

"Dayton’s Mission: A Reader’s Guide," by Mark Perry, January 25, 2011, Al Jazeera.

This analysis explains what “The Palestine Papers” reveal about General Keith Dayton’s training mission in the West Bank.

"Building a Police State in Palestine," by Aisling Byrne, January 18, 2011, Foreign Policy.

How support for the PA is helping set up a repressive, authoritarian state for Palestinians.

"The International Politics of Aid in the Occupied Palestinians Territories," by Anne Le More, November 2004, Humanitarian Exchange Magazine.

How international aid serves to perpetuate a harmful political status quo instead of supporting an integrated approach to peace-building.